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Die Deutsche Wurlitzer GmbH wurde als Tochterunternehmen der amerikanischen Wurlitzer in Hüllhorst gegründet und stellte ihr erstes Modell, die. Deutsche Wurlitzer. Baujahre - Lyric, Carillion, Baltic, Atlanta, Tarock, Niagara, Fuego und andere. Die Deutsche Wurlitzer GmbH wurde. Service Manuals Deutsche Wurlitzer. Hier finden sie Service Manuals für alle Musikboxen der Deutschen Wurlitzer GmbH. Es werden 1–12 von 56 Ergebnissen. Wir ergänzen unser Angebot mit vielen Ersatzteile für die früheren Modelle der Deutschen Wurlitzer. Demnächst werden wir auch die verfügbaren Ersatzteile für. Im Jahr kaufte Gibson auch die Deutsche Wurlitzer, die bis dahin die Namensrechte für Wurlitzer Jukeboxen hielt. Diese Firma ging in Insolvenz und ist.
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Deutsche Wurlitzer VideoDeutsche Wurlitzer W20 Lautsprecher (1960-70s), made in Germany
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These lids are decoratively cut out to allow the sound to ring out via a large F hole, similar to a violin, as well as multiple radial slots along the outer edge.
Another design innovation was the "Tone Amplifier". The device consists of a metal flat bar between the piano rim, running under the bass bridge to a fixed point on the soundboard, designed to bring out the tone on a smaller piano.
A screw mechanism on top of the bridge allowed adjustment of the tonal output. Wurlitzer made at least three different versions of the 73 key model butterfly.
Each had variations in appointments, such as legs, lyres, and sheet music stands. After the United States Government imposed high import tariffs on street and fairground organ importation in ,  Wurlitzer began producing mechanical organs.
Most were small barrel organs , playing from a pinned barrel and powered by either steam or cranked by hand. Many of these organs have cases finished in dark and sometimes black wood, with gold incised designs, not unlike those of the European manufacturers of barrel organs.
As parts were not subject to import tariffs, almost all Wurlitzer band organs are copied from designs by European manufacturers. For example, the style and style were copied from a Gebrüder Bruder barrel organ.
The style was copied from a Gavioli special style of organ only 2 or 3 of this style of organ are known to exist; the former organ at Dorney Park was one, but it was destroyed in a fire.
After De Kliest developed the tonophone for the company, which won a gold medal at the Pan-American Exposition , Wurlitzer invested in his company.
Wurlitzer bought De Kliest's interest in the business in and assumed operation of the North Tonawanda factory.
The new company invested in new technology, resulting in the adoption of electric motors, and the music source was changed from pinned barrels to perforated paper rolls similar to a player piano roll.
Some medium to larger organs such as the style , style and style have duplex roll frames, on which one roll plays while the other rewinds, allowing for continuous music.
Each paper roll contained about 10 songs. During the Great Depression this was changed to 6 longer songs to save money on arranging.
The only substantial changes between the Wurlitzer U. These included the note style roll used by styles , , , , , and , the wider note roll used by styles , , , , , and , or the still wider note roll used by styles , , , , , and Due to Wurlitzer's success and domination of the market, many smaller American manufacturers adopted scales similar to Wurlitzer's.
Wurlitzer abandoned production of band organs and nickelodeons in but continued to manufacture the paper music rolls through a wholly owned subsidiary called the Endless Roll Music Company.
In addition to manufacturing band organs, Wurlitzer also converted band organs made by other companies to their roll scales.
This generally resulted in the converted organ having an expanded musical library due to the vast amount of available Wurlitzer music rolls.
However, these conversions sometimes required modifications to the organ's pipes and could permanently change the sound of the converted organ.
The production of Wurlitzer organs ceased in , the last organ to leave the factory being a style organ in a case done because Wurlitzer had an extra case remaining in the factory and the owner didn't mind the change.
During the Great Depression leading up to the end of production, various cost-cutting measures were made, such as the substitution of brass horn and trumpet pipes for ones made of wood though arguably the change from brass to wood may have been due to the shrill sound produced by the brass pipes which some people may have found unpleasant; wood pipes produced a mellower sound.
Wurlitzer, starting around until circa produced nickelodeon pianos, or coin pianos, which are electrically operated player pianos that take coins to operate, like a jukebox.
The company produced various models of nickelodeons, such as the early Wurlitzer Mandolin Quartette — Wurlitzer's alternative to the Regina Sublima Piano.
This machine has a reiterating piano with mandolin attachment along with an accompanying piano. They later introduced the Wurlitzer A.
Wurlitzer also produced an automatic roll changer system so when a roll finished rewinding another was put on in a carousel-like system.
An 'X' at the end of a model number indicates that model was fitted with a roll changer. Records indicate Wurlitzer sold player piano mechanisms to other manufacturers who installed Wurlitzer components in their own pianos and sold them under other brand names.
One example is the Milner player piano company. Milner pianos were built in Cincinnati at a time consistent with Wurlitzer's presence there. Company records suggest Wurlitzer acquired the Milner company  in addition to the several other companies acquired by Wurlitzer over the years, but it is possible that Milner may have simply used Wurlitzer components in their own product.
Perhaps the most famous instruments Wurlitzer built were its pipe organs from until , which were installed in theatres, homes, churches, and other venues.
These were marketed as " The Mighty Wurlitzers ". Englishman Robert Hope-Jones , considered the inventor of the theatre organ , had developed a concept of the organ as a "one man orchestra" to accompany silent movies.
Hope-Jones's concept was based on two principles:. The Tibia Clausa eventually became a staple of theater organs. He also used a system of unification, which multiplied considerably the number of stops relative to the number of ranks.
Between and his company employed workers at its peak, producing organs. A number were shipped overseas, with the largest export market being the United Kingdom.
The first of these theatre pipe organ to be shipped to the United Kingdom was dispatched from the North Tonawanda factory on 1 December This particular instrument Britain's oldest Wurlitzer organ is now located at the Congregational Church in Beer, Devon.
Regular concerts and shows are hosted on the Beer Wurlitzer. The Music Hall instrument is actually a concert instrument, capable of playing a classical as well as non-classical repertoire.
It, along with the organ at the Paramount Theatre in Denver Colorado are the only Wurlitzer installations still in use that have dual consoles.
While Denver's is the typical "master-slave" system, Radio City is the only surviving original Wurlitzer installation to have two identical and completely independent consoles playing the same organ.
Both instruments have been substantially altered in more recent years. Two other instruments presently have five-manual Wurlitzer-styled consoles, although they were not built by Wurlitzer but were either custom-built or created by combining two smaller Wurlitzer consoles:.
Werner Ferdinand von Siemens purchased the large four-manual, rank Mighty Wurlitzer Style special in and installed it in the Siemens Concert Hall in August of that year.
The Mighty Wurlitzer survived the war, but was seriously damaged in by a fire caused by a careless cigarette.
From February to December Marvin E. Merchant, a U. The Wurlitzer was the iconic jukebox of the Big Band era, to the extent that Wurlitzer came in some places to be a generic name for any jukebox.
In Hungarian , "wurlitzer" still means "jukebox", for example — despite Hungarian only using the letter W for foreign language words.
Wurlitzer's success was due to a first rate marketing department headed by future Indiana Senator Homer Capehart , the reliable Simplex record changer, and the designs of engineer Paul Fuller who created many cabinet styles in the "lightup" design idiom.
Another significant factor contributing to Wurlitzer's success was the end of Prohibition in and the resulting increase in the market for coin-operated music machines in bars and dance halls.
Wurlitzer's original jukeboxes played only 10 rpm records, one side only, later expanded to With the advent of smaller 45 rpm records, Wurlitzer was beat to the punch by Seeburg mechanisms which could play both sides of 50 different records, yielding song choices.
Wurlitzer struggled on for 20 years or so and made one final effort to keep its jukebox business viable with a nostalgic model called the " The jukebox line was sold to a German company in Jukeboxes bearing the Wurlitzer name were in production until the company ceased manufacturing in The Gibson Guitar Corporation acquired the German jukebox and vending machine manufacturer which made them in The more recent models are able to play CDs, as well as special edition units with iPod connectivity.
Wurlitzer still sells jukebox replacement parts. From to the company also produced the Wurlitzer electric piano series, an electrically amplified piano variant.
In , music store owner Howard Holman used his contacts at the Martin Band Instrument Company, owned by Wurlitzer at that time, to convince Wurlitzer to distribute a line of electric guitars manufactured by Holman's start-up company in Kansas.
Wurlitzer became the sole distributor of guitars made by the Holman-Woodell Company of Neodesha, Kansas.
The guitar labels reflected Wurlitzer's Elkhart, Indiana location, but with the exception of a handful of prototypes made above Holman's music store in Independence, KS, the guitars themselves were built in a small two-storey building on Main Street in Neodesha.
Three models were available: the Cougar, Wildcat and Gemini, all of which were functionally similar but featured different body shapes.
The majority of the Kansas-made instruments were six-string guitars, with only a handful of basses being manufactured. Another feature of the earliest Wurlitzer electrics was that they were wired for stereo output.
In , Wurlitzer ceased its affiliation with the Holman-Woodell Company, possibly due to problems with the finish on Holman-Woodell guitars which resulted in many instruments being returned to the factory.
Beginning in , Wurlitzer-branded guitars were manufactured by Welson in Italy, and the Wurlitzer line expanded to include semi-hollow body electric as well as acoustic guitars.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. American company of music boxes and instruments. For the Boston, Massachusetts-based musical instrument retailer, see E.
Wurlitzer Music and Sound. For the German clarinet manufacturer, see Herbert Wurlitzer. Wurlitzer Model 44 electrostatic reed organ —64 .
See also: Jukebox and Homer E. Main article: Wurlitzer electric piano. Strings Retrieved July 28, Legendary Locals of Cincinnati.
Arcadia Publishing. Retrieved May 7, New York Daily News. Duke University Libraries Ad Collection.
The Vintage Saxophone Gallery. Total Piano Care. Wurlitzer Butterfly Piano Registry. Carousel News. Retrieved April 20, Northern Illinois University Libraries.
Retrieved August 7, April Retrieved November 29, Theatre Organ. Archived from the original on January 1, Eastman School of Music :